Bolt Action – Crucible 7
Range of 28mm miniatures for The Winter War between Finland and Soviet Russia of The range includes Finnish Soldiers in snow camouflage and also early Red Army 1 Finnish and 1 Soviet Rifle Section as above. machine guns and anti tank guns, we plan to add these at a later date. 28mm World War II WargamingFinnish. Home Finnish Page 1 of 1. Filter Products . Latest. New Products · Deals. Rules. What is Bolt Action? Starter Sets · Rules. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Warlord Games is one of the world's leading producers of Bolt Action: World War II Wargames Rules: Second Edition ); Publication Date: November 20, ; Sold by: Amazon Digital Services LLC After that we have the Finnish Army, Bulgarians, Romanians and Hungarians.
Each player will require a unique color for their army. Bolt Action Singles Tournament — All Out War Take the ultimate challenge of being called the greatest armchair general in one on one engagement on the tabletop! Max of 2 platoons allowed. Order dice cap of 20 for the event. Theatre Selectors will be allowed for this event from any valid Warlord supplements. Players may take 1 Armored Platoon in place of the 2 Platoon Selectors.
Bolt Action Tournament — Hold the Line! Take the ultimate challenge of being called the greatest armchair general in one on one engagement on the tabletop in the classic format.
Theatre Selectors will be allowed for this event from any valid Warlord supplement General Notes: Models should be painted with at least 3 colors and based.
Models should be painted within historical paint schemes and designs.
Players are encouraged to work matters out or roll off where rules are uncertain. In the event that a method is not satisfactory they may request a judge ruling. All judge rulings are final, right or wrong respect it. Terrain will be preset by organizers. Players are encouraged to make sure they are using the latest errata and FAQ related to their armies and are advised to have printed or electronic copies on hand for their opponent or organizer.
This showed Russian commanders the need to modernize the general infantry weapon of the army. It was supplied together with a model of the cartridge and bullet but without the primer and the smokeless powder. Those problems were solved by Russian scientists and engineers the smokeless powder, for instance, was produced by Dmitri Mendeleev himself.
Inthree rifles were submitted for evaluation: Captain Sergei Ivanovich Mosin of the imperial army submitted his "3-line" caliber. When trials concluded inthe evaluators were split in their assessment. The main disadvantages of Nagant's rifle were a more complicated mechanism and a long and tiresome procedure of disassembling which required special instruments — it was necessary to unscrew two fasteners. Mosin's rifle was mainly criticized for its lower quality of manufacture and materials, due to "artisan pre-production" of his rifles.
The commission initially voted 14 to 10 to approve Nagant's rifle. The inventors obliged by delivering their final designs. Technical detail[ edit ] Like the Gewehr 98the Mosin uses two front-locking lugs to lock up the action. However, the Mosin's lugs lock in the horizontal position, whereas the Mauser locks vertically. The Mosin bolt body is multi-piece whereas the Mauser is one piece.
The Mosin uses interchangeable bolt heads like the Lee—Enfield. Unlike the Mauser, which uses a "controlled feed" bolt head in which the cartridge base snaps up under the fixed extractor as the cartridge is fed from the magazine, the Mosin has a "push feed" recessed bolt head in which the spring-loaded extractor snaps over the cartridge base as the bolt is finally closed similar to the Gewehr and M91 Carcano or modern sporting rifles like the Remington Like the Mauser, the Mosin uses a blade ejector mounted in the receiver.
The Mosin bolt is removed by simply pulling it fully to the rear of the receiver and squeezing the trigger, while the Mauser has a bolt stop lever separate from the trigger. Like the Mauser, the bolt lift arc on the Mosin—Nagant is 90 degrees, versus 60 degrees on the Lee—Enfield.
The Mauser bolt handle is at the rear of the bolt body and locks behind the solid rear receiver ring. The Mosin bolt handle is similar to the Mannlicher: The rifling of the Mosin barrel is right turning clockwise looking down the rifle 4-groove with a twist of 1: The 5-round fixed metallic magazine can either be loaded by inserting the cartridges singly, or more often in military service, by the use of 5-round stripper clips.
Winter War Wargaming Miniatures by Gavin Tyler — Kickstarter
Refinement and production[ edit ] Schematic of Model top left The 3-line rifle, Modelits original official designation, was adopted by the Russian military in Some details were borrowed from Nagant's design. One such detail is the attachment of the magazine spring to the magazine base plate. In Mosin's original design the spring was not attached to the base plate and, according to the Commission, could be lost during cleaning.
Another detail is the form of the clip that could hold five cartridges to be loaded simultaneously into the magazine.
Another detail is the form of the "interrupter", a specially designed part within the receiver, which helps prevent double feeding. The initial rifle proposed by Mosin lacked an interrupter, leading to numerous failures to feed. This detail was introduced in the rifle borrowing from Nagant's rifle.
Although the form of the interrupter was slightly changed, this alteration was subsequently borrowed back by the Commission for the Model Mosin—Nagant. During the modernization ofthe form of the interrupter was further changed, from a single piece to a two-piece design, as the part had turned out to be one of the least reliable parts of the action.
Only the clip loading cartridges and the attachment of the magazine spring to the magazine base plate in subsequent models were designed by Nagant. Considering the rifle could be easily loaded without using a clip, one cartridge after another, the magazine spring attached to the magazine base plate is the only contribution of Nagant to all rifles after Nagant's legal dispute[ edit ] Despite the failure of Nagant's rifle, he filed a patent suit, claiming he was entitled to the sum the winner was to receive.
It appeared that Nagant was the first to apply for the international patent protection over the "interrupter", although he borrowed it from Mosin's design initially. Mosin could not apply for a patent since he was an officer of the Russian army, and the design of the rifle was owned by the Government and had the status of a military secret. A scandal was about to burst out, with Nagant threatening he would not participate in trials held in Russia ever again and some officials proposing to expel Nagant from any further trials as he borrowed the design of the "interrupter" after it was covered by the "secrecy" status given in Russia of that time to military inventions and therefore violated Russian law.
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Taking into consideration that Nagant was one of the few producers not engaged by competitive governments and generally eager to cooperate and share experience and technologies, the Commission paid him a sum ofRussian rubles, equal to the premium that Mosin received as the winner. The rifle did not receive the name of Mosin, because of the personal decision taken by Tzar Alexander IIIwhich was made based on the opinion of the Defence Minister Pyotr Vannovskiy: This turned out to be a wise decision, as Leon Nagant remained the major contractor for the Russian Government, and inNagant's revolver was adopted by the Russian army as the main sidearm.
However, for the same reason and because of Nagant's attempts to use the situation for publicity, the "Mosin—Nagant" name appeared in the Western literature the rifle was never called this in Russia. The name is a misnomer from the legal point of view taking into consideration the legal provisions of Russian law at that time, i. Moreover, from the technical point of view the rifle that came to be called "Mosin—Nagant" or "Nagant—Mosin" is the design proposed by Mosin, as further amended by Mosin with some details being borrowed from Nagant's design.
The Russo-Japanese War — was the Mosin—Nagant M [nb 1] rifle's first major "blooding", and by the time the war broke out inapproximately 3, Mosin—Nagant M rifles had been built,  with over a million and a half in the hands of the Russian cavalry and all of his reserves when hostilities commenced. Most Russian units in the Far East were still armed with Berdan rifles.
Between the adoption of the final design in and the yearseveral variants and modifications to the existing rifles were made. Due to the desperate shortage of arms and the shortcomings of a still-developing domestic industrythe Russian government ordered 1. Deliveries to Russia had amounted torifles when the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ended hostilities between the Central Powers and Russia.
Henceforth, the new Bolshevik regime of Vladimir Lenin cancelled payments to the American companies manufacturing the Mosin—Nagant Russia had not paid for the order at any time throughout the Great War. With Remington and Westinghouse on the precipice of bankruptcy from the Communists' decision, the remainingrifles were purchased by the United States Army. American and British expeditionary forces of the North Russia Campaign were armed with these rifles and sent to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk in the late summer of to prevent the large quantities of munitions delivered for Czarist forces from being captured by the Central Powers.
Remaining rifles were used for the training of U. Some were used to equip U. In50, rifles were sent via Vladivostok to the Czechoslovak Legions in Siberia to aid in their attempt to secure passage to France. Large numbers of Mosin—Nagants were captured by German and Austro-Hungarian forces and saw service with the rear-echelon forces of both armies, and also with the Imperial German Navy.
Many of these weapons were sold to Finland in the s. Civil War, modernization, and wars with Finland[ edit ] During the Russian Civil Warinfantry and dragoon versions were still in production, though in dramatically reduced numbers. The rifle was widely used by BolsheviksBlack Guards and their enemies, the White Russians counter-revolutionary forces.
Infollowing the victory of the Red Armya committee was established to modernize the rifle, which had by then been in service for over three decades. The sight measurements were converted from arshins to meters; and the front sight blade was replaced by a hooded post front sight less susceptible to being knocked out of alignment. There were also minor modifications to the bolt, but not enough to prevent interchangeability with the earlier Model and the so-called "Cossack dragoon" rifles.
The rifle was used in the short civil war there and adopted as the service rifle of the new republic's army. Finland produced several variants of the Mosin—Nagant, all of them manufactured using the receivers of Russian-made or later Soviet-made rifles.
In assembling M39 rifles, Finnish armorers re-used octagonal receivers that dated back as far as Finnish rifles are characterized by Russian, French or American-made receivers stamped with a boxed SA, as well as many other parts produced in those countries and barrels produced in Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Germany. The Finns also manufactured two-piece "finger splice" stocks for their Mosin—Nagant rifles. It served quite prominently in the brutal urban battles on the Eastern Frontsuch as the Battle of Stalingradwhich made heroes of snipers like Vasily Zaitsev and Ivan Sidorenko.
These sniper rifles were highly respected for being very rugged, reliable, accurate, and easy to maintain. The hex receiver actually octagonal was changed to a round receiver. In addition, ina carbine version of the Mosin—Nagant, the M38, was issued. The carbine used the same cartridge and action as other Mosins, but the barrel was shortened by The idea was to issue the M38 to troops such as combat engineerssignal corps, and artillerymenwho could conceivably need to defend themselves from sudden enemy advances, but whose primary duties lay behind the front lines.
An increase in urban combat led directly to the development of the Model M44 Mosin. In essence, the M44 is an M38 with a slightly modified forearm and with a permanently mounted cruciform bayonet that folds to the right when it is not needed.
Despite its increasing obsolescence, the Mosin—Nagant saw continued service throughout the Eastern bloc and the rest of the world for many decades to come. They were kept not only as reserve stockpiles, but front-line infantry weapons as well. Middle Eastern countries within the sphere of Soviet influence—Egypt, SyriaIraqAfghanistan and Palestinian fighters—have received them in addition to other more modern arms.
Mosin—Nagants have also seen action in the hands of both Soviet  and Mujahadeen forces in Afghanistan during the Soviet Union's occupation of the country during the s and the s. Their use in Afghanistan continued on well into the s and the early 21st century by Northern Alliance forces.
Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Mosin—Nagants are still commonly found on modern battlefields around the world. They were used by insurgent forces in the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan. Mosin—Nagant rifles have even been seen in the present conflict of the Syrian Civil Warin the hands of rebels. Considering sniper rifles as part of a national army's weapons, the Mosin—Nagant is the longest continuously serving rifle in history, at more than years.
However, the Mosin—Nagant is not the longest continuously serving firearm used in combat issued by a government, as the Brown Bess musket was in use from through about within the British Empire. The primary weapon of Russian and Red Army infantry from to Between and the following modifications were made to the design of the rifle: Inclusion of a reinforcing bolt through the finger groove due to the adoption of a grain pointed ' spitzer ' round. Elimination of the steel finger rest behind the trigger guard.
Installation of slot-type sling mounts to replace the more traditional swivels. Note that the bolt is in the unlocked position in the photo. Intended for use by Dragoons: Introduced for Cossack horsemen, it is almost identical to the Dragoon rifle but is sighted for use without a bayonet.
These rifles were also issued without a bayonet. It was stocked nearly to the front sight and therefore did not take a bayonet.